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剑桥ket模拟试题

2013-05-30 15:58:10   来源:互联网  作者:佚名

Section II Use ofEnglishRead the following text. Choose the best

word or phrase foreach numbered blank andmark A, B, C, or D on your

ANSWER SHEET 1.


Text1.

In Britain, winter is the season not only for visitsto the theatre, opera, concerts and ballet, but also for shopping or forsightseeing.London, one of the __1__ cities in the world, has plenty to offerduring the winter months, __2__ in the way of entertainment - and the __3__ actlike a magnet with __4__ array of presents for the

Christmas __5__,followed by large scale bargains in the January __6__. But it''s not onlyLondon that __7__ value shopping - most of our suburban and __8__ centres havejust as much to offer to the __9__ shopper.Even if you''re based __10__ London,you don''t have to spend all your __11__ there - and that goes for all the year__12__, too. Take a train or coach and __13__ what else Britain has to offer;__14__ are many excursions, even in winter, and among the great country houses__15_ keep their stately front doors open __16__ the year are Longleat andWoburn Abbey. __17__ a car and drive __18__ into the beauty of the winterlandscape - the scenery will be __19__ beautiful - and the people will havemore time to chat to you __20__ this time of year.

1. A.coldestB.foggiest C.busiest D.noisiest

2. A.normallyB.especiallyC.occasionallyD.generally

3. A.clubsB.pubs C.restaurants D.shops

4. A.its B.the C.thatD.their

5. A.shopperB.visitor C.callerD.spender

6. A.bargains B.salesC.sellingD.trading

7.A.opens B.presentsC.grants D.offers

8.A.rovincial B.national C.divisional D.international

9.A.lonely B.eagerC.lazy D.nervous

10.A.in B.at C.on D.outside

11.A.moneyB.timeC.energy D.holiday

12.A.there B.then C.over D.round

13.A.seeB.watch C.look D.view

14.A.theyB.which C.thereD.here

15.A.whereB.whichC.what D.who

16.A.for B.by C.within D.throughout

17.A.LendB.Let C.Hire D.Take

18.A.outB.back C.on D.across

19.A.even B.still C.yet D.ever

20.A.after B.beyond C.with D.at



Section IIIReading ComprehensionPart ARead the following three
texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D.
Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET 1 by drawing a thick line across
the corresponding letter in the brackets.

Text

It was a quarter past nine as Marie hurried into theoffice building where she was going to work. Her bus had inched along throughheavy morning traffic, making her a few minutes late for her very first job.She decided to start out half an hour earlier the next day.Once inside the lobby,she had to stand at the elevators and wait several minutes before she could geton one going to the sixth floor. When she finally reached the office marked"King Enterprises," she knocked at the door nervously and waited.There was no answer. She tapped on the door again, but still there was noreply. From inside the next office, she could hear the sound of voices, so she openedthe door and went in.Although she was sure it was the same office she had beenin two weeks before when she had had the interview with Mr. King, it looked quitedifferent now. In fact, it hardly looked like an office at all. The employeeswere just standing around chatting and smoking. At the far end of the room,somebody must have just told a good joke, she thought, because there was a loudburst of laughter as she came in. For a moment she had thought they werelaughing at her.Then one of the men looked at his watch, clapped his hands andsaid something to the others. Quickly they all went to their desks and, in amatter of seconds, everyone was hard at work. No one paid any attention toMarie. Finally she went up to the
man who was sitting at the desk nearest to the door and explained that this washer first day in the office. Hardly looking up from his work, he told her tohave a seat and wait for Mr. King, who would arrive at any moment. Then Marierealised that the day''s work in the office began just before Mr. King arrived.Later she found out that he lived in Connecticut and came into Manhattan on thesame train every morning, arriving in the office at 9:35, so that his staffknew
exactly when to start working.

1. Marie felt nervous when sheknocked at the door because _______.

A. it was herfirst day in a new job

B. she was alittle bit late for work

C. she was afraidthat she had gone to the wrong place
D. there was no answer from inside the office

2. Marie could hardly recognisethe office she went into as _______.

[A> she hadbeen there only once

[B> Mr. Kingwas not in the office

[C> nobodywas doing any work

[D> the officehad a new appearance

3. The people in the officesuddenly started working because _______.

A. they saw astranger in the office

B. they hadfinished their morning break

C. no one wantedto talk to Marie

D. the boss wasabout to arrive

4. We can infer from the textthat the employees of the enterprise _______.

A. would starttheir work by listening to a joke
B. were cold to newcomers

C. were alwayspunctual for work

D. lacked devotionto the company

5. The best title for thistext would be _______.

A. Punctual Like AClock

B. A ColdWelcome

C. An UnpunctualManager

D. Better LateThan Never

2010年商务英语BEC中级考试阅读真题

发布人:圣才学习网发布日期:2010-9-8浏览次数:1116[大] [中] [小]PART ONE

Questions 1-7

Look at the sentences below and the jobadvertisements on the opposite page.

Which job does each sentence 1-7 refer to?

For each sentence, mark one letter on your Answer Sheet.

You will need to use some of these lettersmore than once.

1 You will be responsible for the operationof a computer system.

2 You must be able to forecast what peoplewill want to wear.

3 You will be able to work with people frommany different countries and backgrounds.

4 You will have a qualification whichcovers two subject areas.

5 It is necessary to have worked in thissector before.

6 You will need to keep in contact with theheadquarters of the organization.

7 The advertisement emphasises the need tohave a suitable approach to important people.

A

BUSINESS MANAGER

You will be responsible for our globalbusiness within specific countries and will have a good understanding ofinternational distribution, possibly based on previous experience, plus the ability to work in markets that are highlyvaried in their culture. You will be fluent in a second language, be willing to travel extensively, and preferably have a degree.

B

DEPARTMENT STORE BUYER

Based at our head office in London, you will select and order stock from our suppliers inItaly. You will need to predict fashion trends and build a strong relationshipwith our Italian office. You will have gained your buying experience in womensfashion and will hold a degree in design with a business studies component.

C

LEGAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATOR

As head of the legal office, your work will include managing the office IT network, typing reports, diarymaintenance and supervision of another staff member. You will need goodorganizational skills in order to keep ahead of a varied workload. You will bedealing with senior executives and government officials, so a mature and efficient manner is essential

D

REGIONAL LEISURE SITES MANAGER

You will be responsible for budgetaryplanning, contract negotiations, local marketing and effective administration. Youwill communicate frequently with our main office using the latest technology.Your experience could be from any business sector but you should enjoy outdoorlife and will ideally possess an estate management qualification.

PART TWO

Questions 8-12

  ·Read the extract below from an articleabout the coffee industry.

  ·Choose the best sentence from the list onthe opposite page to fill each of the gaps.

  ·For each gap 8-12, mark one letter (A-I)onyour Answer Sheet.

  ·Do not use any letter more than once.

Coffee is worth approximately $50-60bn perannum in terms of world sales. It is a truly international commodity, and todaymore than 50 countries in the world grow coffee beans. (example) ______I_____.ICO organization helps coffee producers and promotes coffee conumptionworldwide.

ICO estimates that world production nextyear will reach 97.5 million bags.11.3 million bags higher than the currentyear. (8) ____________. As the largest producing country, Brazil isparticularly important in the coffee world. In 1994 Brazil was responsible for25% of world production, Colombia was next with 13.4%, Indonesia had 7.5%,Mexico 4.7%, Guatemala 3.8% and Ethiopia and Vietnam were equal with 3.4%.

Coffee is a tough crop, and can be grown inareas where it is difficult or impossible to grow other crops. (9) However,disease is always problem for coffee production, as we can see in some parts ofSouth America at the moment.ICO is active in educating farmers about avoidingdisease and dealing with problems when they occur.

The distribution chain varies from countryto country, explains Pablo Dubois. In most countries the smaller farmers selltheir crop to a local trader, who then sells it on to exporters. There are,however, other distribution systems. (10) ____________. Some countries, likeVietnam, have special government marketing organizations for coffee.

Coffee prices often vary greatly from oneyear to the next. In 1997, for example, there was a large rise in the worldprice, which was immediately felt by the consumer. Rising prices always resultin a drop in sales, which will have a bad effect on those developing countries,which are highly dependent on foreign exchange from coffee exports. (11)____________.

In the opinion of Pablo Dubois, the biggestproblem for his organisation is to create greater consumer awareness of thedifferent varieties of coffee and different ways of preparing it.(12)____________. ICO is therefore concentrating its promotional activities onRussia and China. It is also encouraging environmentally friendly coffeeproduction, and last year’s seminar on coffee and the environment created a lotof interest.

The future looks bright for the coffeeindustry. It is estimated that consumption over the next few years willcontinue to rise steadily. New markets like Eastern Europe and China areexpected to develop fast.

A. As a result, the membership nowrepresents 94% of all exporters and 60% of all importers.

B. In some of these countries, this canamount to as much as 50% of all export earning.

C. In North America, most consumers alreadyhave above average knowledge of the range available.

D. For example, frost and wind areparticularly damaging to coffee crops.

E. Larger coffee growers, for example,frequently export directly.

F. The main reason for this is higherBrazilian output as production recovers from weather damage to crops.

G. It is cultivated in mountain regionswhich can only be reached by animal transport, and in other difficult areaswhere modern agricultural equipment cannot be used.

H. This is because there is a demand forcoffee in Germany, and it is also sold in the UK and in the US.

I. This make the coffee industry fairlyuniversal, according to Pablo Dubois, Head of the International CoffeeOrganisation (ICO), based in London.

PART THREE

Questions 13-20

Read the article below about stressmanagement, and answer questions 13-20 on the opposite page.

A Lesson In Stress Management

Demands placed on us at work can often leadto considerable worry and discomfort. There are, however, ways of protectingourselves from the stress we face at work. We interviewed Jane Collard, aconsultant in stress management.

1. In Jane Collard’s opinion, stress is becoming an increasingly commonfeature of the workplace. Stress is a highly individual reaction, which variesconsiderably from person to person, and it is difficult for some employees toavoid it. Indeed, stress is regarded by many as part of the organizationalculture of our institutions: it comes with the job. Recent figures indicatethat time taken off work because of stress has increased by 500 per cent sincethe 1950s. Undoubtedly, changes in working conditions have led to greaterpressure at work at all levels. With reductions in staffing, workloads forindividual employees have increased. In addition, many employees are leftworrying about the security of their jobs.

2. On the stress management courses thatshe runs, Jane Collard tries to make the trainees realise that stress in itselfis not harmful. Everyone needs a certain level of stress to enable them to feelmotivated and to perform effectively. A complete absence of stress can be asdamaging as overstress, since it can make people lose interest in their work,and even lead to depression. The difficulties occur when the amount of stressrises above a level which is healthy for a particular individual. If thishappens, the effects are very obvious and the trainees are taught to recognizethe signs. Stress may be expressed physically, for example through headachesand tiredness, or through emotional problems such as depression. A personsuffering from stress may also start to behave differently, and can bedifficult to deal with.

3. While it may not always be possible toprevent stress, there are a number of ways in which it can be controlled. Thefirst thing that the trainees learn is how to manage their time effectively.This involves, first of all, setting realistic goals for both the short and longterm. Once this framework has been established, tasks are then prioritised on adaily basis. The trainees are also reminded that when they are under pressurethe less important items should be left, and they should never hesitate todelegate. Everyone is encouraged to look at ways of reducing ‘wasted time ’,for example by grouping similar tasks together or dealing with itemsimmedkiately.

4. Jane feels that one of the most usefulfeatures of the course is that it enables trainees to deal with those demandsor deadlines that they regard as unreasonable. They are encouraged to avoidbeing defensive, but at the same time they are advised not to be afraid ofsaying ‘no’. They are asked to give reasons only if necessary. The traininghelps them to foresee difficult situations or unwanted demands, and they learnhow to prepare themselves mentally. Everyone is encouraged not to get stuck innegative thought patterns, where stress can feed a circular sense ofhelplessness. One solution they discuss is to think of a more encouragingalternative for each negative message. They learn, for example, to remindthemselves that nothing terrible happens when a demand is refused or a deadlinemissed. Life goes on.

Questions 13-16

For questions 13-16, choose the best titlefor each numbered paragraph from the list below.

For each numbered paragraph 1-4, mark oneletter (A-G) on your Answer Sheet.

Do not use any letter more than once.

A Higher stress levels among top managers

B Coping with stress through a positiveattitude

C Time lost at work through sickness

D Causes of increased stress in the workenvironment

E Explanations for missed deadlines

F stress reduction through betterorganisation

G Typical problems associated with stress

13 Paragraph 1

14 Paragraph 2

15 Paragraph 3

16 Paragraph 4

Questions 17—20

Using the information in the text, completeeach sentence 17-20 with a phrase A-G from the list below.

For each question 17-20, mark one letter(A-G) on your Answer Sheet.

Do not use any letter more than once.

17 Most people agree that the recentincrease in stress is due to changes in ____________.

18 The trainees are taught that the rightlevel of stress at work is important for good.

19 Trainees learn that one way of limitingstress is by deciding upon.

20 One of the most important parts of thecourse is learning how to react to

A levels of performance

B shorter deadlines

C employment practices

D higher levels of sickness

E unfair demands

F successful management structure

G practical targets

PART FOUR

Questions 21-35

  ·Read the text below about job prospects atthe Provincial Bank.

  ·Choose the correct word A, B, C, or, D onthe opposite page to fill each gap.

  ·For each question 21-35, mark one letter(A, B, C, or D) on your Answer Sheet.

Employment Opportunities for Graduates withthe Provincial Bank

The Provincial Bank is one of the biggest(example) ____________ institutions in the U.K. With its 1,900 branches and58,000 employees, it has (21) ____________ a household name. Almost 4,000 ofthese employees (22) ____________ managerial or executive positions. The bankhas an outstanding (23) ____________ of profitability, which has been achievedby introducing innovations at the same time as maintaining leadership of the(24) ____________.

The bank’scomprehensive training programme concentrates on (25) ____________ the mostimportant skills that graduates need in order to (26) ____________ earlymanagement responsibility. Trainees take responsibility for their owncontinuous self-development through visiting other branches and departments,and by (27)____________ courses in management skills. They also receivetraining in order to increase their knowledge of the bank’s (28) ___________.The bank supports (29)____________ of staff who wish to take professionalexaminations, and its Graduate Training Scheme is (30)_____________ to thenationally recognized Diploma in Management.

Obviously the quality of its mangers is of(31)____________ importance to the bank’sperformance. It welcomes good graduates in any subject area, (32)____________they can demonstrate the ability to influence events, and have the potential to(33)____________ both as leaders and as part of a team. Most graduate traineesjoin the Retail Banking division initially. Those starting on this programmewill soon have the (34)____________ to work in other parts of the bank and can(35)____________ a varied and flexible working life.

Example:

A budgetary B fiscal C financial D economic

0 A B C D

Example

21 A opened B entered C turned D become

22 A hold B do C keep D own

23 A career B catalogue C record Dexperience

24 A area B trade C record D market

25 A making B reaching C developing Dheightening

26 A present B treat C deal D handle

27 A observing B attending C involving Dstaying

28 A services B goods C creations Dabilities

29 A colleague B members C people D persons

30 A qualified B combined C fastened Dlinked

31 A main B vital C necessary D superior

32 A therefore B thus C provided D only

33 A succeed B realize C gain D overcome

34 A choice B chance C likelihood Dprobability

35 A forecast B believe C suppose D expect

PART FIVE

Section A

Questions 36-40

Read the text below about a special kind ofcompetition.

In most of the lines 36-40 there is oneextra word which does not fit. One or two lines, however, are correct.

If a line is correct, write CORRECT on yourAnswer Sheet.

If there is an extra word in the line,write the extra word in CAPITAL LETTERS on your Answer Sheet.

Examples:

0 The international Youth Skills Olympicsis a vocational skills competition in

0 C O R R E C T

00 which the young people demonstrate theirachievements in a range of areas.

00 T H E

36 The competition, which there is heldevery two years, is organized by the international

37 Training Organisation. All U.K.competitors qualify for the team by getting through

38 a tough national competition.Theirbackgrounds are vary from arts to sciences,

39 and students to the self-employed. Sincethey do not know which skill area they

40 will be tested in, they must to trainfor everything before the start of the competition.

Section B

Questions 41-45

Read the text below about market research.

In each line 41-45 there is one wrong word.

For each line 41-45,write the correct wordin CAPITAL LETTERS on your Answer Sheet.

Examples:

0 Your business will only success ifcustomers like your product

0 S U C C E E D

00 or service and are prepared to give youmoney in exchange about it

00 F O R

Market Research

41 Before you start a business, it isimportance to undertake market research

42 and to assess the results with greatcare: you need to finding out about your

43 potential customers and the state of themarket, included your competitors.

44 The more detailed your market researchare, the more profitable your business

45 is likely to be. Carry out your study thorough, and repeat it toensure your resultsare reliable.


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